class trains.automation.optuna.optuna.OptimizerOptuna

Initialize am Optuna search strategy optimizer Optuna performs robust and efficient hyperparameter optimization at scale by combining. Specific hyper-parameter pruning strategy can be selected via sampler and pruner arguments

  • base_task_id (str) – Task ID (str)

  • hyper_parameters (list) – The list of Parameter objects to optimize over.

  • objective_metric (Objective) – Objective metric to maximize / minimize.

  • execution_queue (str) – The execution queue to use for launching Tasks (experiments).

  • num_concurrent_workers (int) – The maximum number of concurrent running Tasks (machines).

  • max_iteration_per_job (int) – The number of iterations per job, where iterations are the reported iterations for the specified objective, not the maximum reported iteration of the Task.

  • total_max_jobs (int) – total maximum number of jobs for the optimization process. Must be provided in order to calculate the total budget for the optimization process. The total budget is measured by “iterations” (see above), and will be set to max_iteration_per_job * total_max_jobs. This means more than total_max_jobs could be created, as long as the cumulative iterations (summed over all created jobs) will not exceed max_iteration_per_job * total_max_jobs.

  • pool_period_min (float) – Time in minutes between two consecutive pools.

  • min_iteration_per_job (int) – The minimum number of iterations (of the Objective metric) per single job, before early stopping the Job. (Optional)

  • time_limit_per_job (float) – Optional, maximum execution time per single job in minutes, when time limit is exceeded job is aborted

  • optuna_kwargs – Arguments passed directly to the Optuna object.


Abstract helper function. Implementation is not required. Default use in process_step default implementation Create a new job if needed. return the newly created job. If no job needs to be created, return None.


A Newly created TrainsJob object, or None if no TrainsJob created.


Return a Task IDs dict created by this optimizer until now, including completed and running jobs. The values of the returned dict are the parameters used in the specific job


dict of task IDs (str) as keys, and their parameters dict as values.


Return a Task IDs dict created by this optimizer until now. The values of the returned dict are the TrainsJob.


dict of task IDs (str) as keys, and their TrainsJob as values.


Return the metric title, series pair of the objective.


(title, series)


Return the current running TrainsJobs.


List of TrainsJob objects.


Return a list of Tasks of the top performing experiments, based on the controller Objective object.


top_k (int) – The number of Tasks (experiments) to return.


A list of Task objects, ordered by performance, where index 0 is the best performing Task.

helper_create_job(base_task_id, parameter_override=None, task_overrides=None, tags=None, parent=None, **kwargs)

Create a Job using the specified arguments, TrainsJob for details.


A newly created Job instance.


Helper function, Implementation is not required. Default use in process_step default implementation. Check if the job needs to be aborted or already completed.

If returns False, the job was aborted / completed, and should be taken off the current job list

If there is a budget limitation, this call should update self.budget.compute_time.update / self.budget.iterations.update


job (TrainsJob) – A TrainsJob object to monitor.


False, if the job is no longer relevant.


Abstract helper function. Implementation is not required. Default use in start default implementation Main optimization loop, called from the daemon thread created by start.

  • Call monitor job on every TrainsJob in jobs:

    • Check the performance or elapsed time, and then decide whether to kill the jobs.

  • Call create_job:

    • Check if spare job slots exist, and if they do call create a new job based on previous tested experiments.


True, if continue the optimization. False, if immediately stop.


Set the class to use for the helper_create_job function.


job_class (TrainsJob) – The Job Class type.


Set the default parent for all Jobs created by the helper_create_job method.


job_parent_task_id (str) – The parent Task ID.


Set the function used to name a newly created job.


naming_function (callable) –

naming_functor(base_task_name, argument_dict) -> str


Set the optimizer task object to be used to store/generate reports on the optimization process. Usually this is the current task of this process.


task (Task) – The optimizer’s current Task.


Start the Optimizer controller function loop() If the calling process is stopped, the controller will stop as well.


This function returns only after optimization is completed or stop was called.


Stop the current running optimization loop, Called from a different thread than the start.